Aṅguttara Nikāya – Book of Gradual Sayings

11. Ekadasakanipāta – 11. Book of Elevens

All statements in these suttas, unless otherwise noted, are made by the Buddha addressing the monks at Jetavana in Sāvatthi. These are included within quotation marks: "Monks, ...". Sections within curly brackets {...} are comments notes and further explanations by the author of these abstracts. Other statements give general information usually within square brackets [...]. Each sutta in this Book deals with eleven items. They are sometimes numbered here (1 ... 11) though not in the original Pali text. In a few it is not possible to assign numbers.]

1. Nissayavagga – 1. Dependence

[1] 1. The purpose. (Kimatthiyasutta) This sutta is identical to the first sutta in the Book of Tens which was abstracted as follows: 'Once venerable Ananda asked the Buddha: "What is the object and the reward for good conduct ?" The Buddha answered: "It leads to remorse which leads to joy, which leads to rapture, which leads to calm, which leads to happiness, which leads to concentration, which leads to seeing things as they are, which leads to revulsion, which leads to release by knowing which is the final profit [of good conduct]." '

[2] 2. Volition. (Cetanākaraṇīyasutta) This sutta is identical to the second sutta in the Book of Tens which was abstracted as follows: 'For a virtuous person remorse arises with no deliberate volition. So also arises the other states mentioned in the previous sutta arise succesively until release by knowing." '

[3] 3. With no cause 1. ( Paṭhamaupanisāsutta) "Monks, for an immoral person the following do not happen becaue there is no cause: non-regret, joy, rapture, tranquility, pleasure, right concentration, knowledge, disenchantment, dispassion and liberation."

[4] 4. With no cause 2. ( Dutiyaupanisāsutta) The same sutta as the previous, this time given by Sāruputta.

[5] 5. With no cause 3. ( Tatiyaupanisāsutta) The same sutta as the previous, this time given by Ananda.

[6] 6. Disaster. (Byasanasutta) "Monks, any of these can happen to a bhikkhu who disparages his fellow bhikkhus he: (1 - 11) achievs nothing new; loses what he has achieved; does not develop his good qualities; overestimates his good qualities; loses satisfaction in the spiritual life; commits a defiling offense; abandons the training; contracts a severe illness; goes mad; dies confused; is reborn in the plane of misery."

[7] 7. Perceptions. (Saññāsutta) Once venerable Ananda asked the Buddha: "Can a monk in concentration be unaware (even if he is in it) of : (1 - 11) earth; water; fire; air; unbounded space; infinite conciousness; nothingness; neither-perception-nor-not-perception; this world; the world beyond; whatever perceived." The Buddha agreed that he could be but added that being unawasre he could still be conscious of them. Later the Buddha said the saAttention. me to venerable Sāriputta.

[8] 8. Atttention. (Manasikārasutta) This is a repetition of the previous sutta.

[9] 9. Sandha. (Sandhasutta) Once in the brick hall at Nadika the Buddha addressed venerable Sandha thus: "You must meditate like a trained horse not a like a wild one. The wild horse thinks only of what to eat. A meditor like the wild horse is obsessed by lust and he thinks only of earth; water; fire; air; unbounded space; infinite conciousness; nothingness; neither-perception-nor-not-perception; this world; the world beyond; whatever perceived. But a meditator is like a trained horse when he understands earth, fire water and the rest. Then even the gods bow down before him.".

[10] 10. Peacock Sanctuary. (Moranivāpasutta) Once at the Peacock Sancturary in Rajagaha the Buddha addressed the monks thus: "A bhikkhu would have reached his ultimate goal of release from bondage if he has these qualities: (1 - 11) virtue beyond training; concentration beyond training; wisdom beyond training; psychic potency; mind-reading; ability to instruct; right view; right knowledge; right liberation; true knowledge; true conduct.".

2. Anussativagga – 2. Recollection

[11] 1. Mahanama 1. (Paṭhamamahānāmasuttasutta) Once when the Buddha was in Kapilavatthu the monks were engaged in making robes for the Buddha. Mahanama the Sakyan reported this to the Buddha and asked: "What way of living should we adopt ?" The Buddha answered: "For success a person should : (1 - 11) have faith; be energetic; be mindful; be concentrated; be wise; recollect the Buddha with the appropriate gātha; recollect the Dhamma with the appropriate gātha; recollect the Sangha with the appropriate gātha; recollect one's own virtuous behavious; recollect one's own generosity; recollect the deities with the appropriate gātha."

[12] 2. Mahanama 2. (Dutiyamahānāmasuttasutta) This is similar to the previous sutta with Mahanama asking a similar question and getting a similar answer.

[13] 3. (Nandiyasutta) In this sutta Nandiya the Sakyan who had come from Kapilavatthu to Sāvathi where the Buddha was observing the rainy season visited the Buddha and asked the same question that Mahanama had asked in sutta 11. The Buddha gave him substantially the same answer that he had given to Mahnama.

[14] 4. (Subhūtisutta) Once venerable Subhuti came to see the Buddha with another bhikkhu named Saddha. Introducing Saddha Subuti said that he was a believing monk from a believing family. Then the Buddha asked if Saddha shows the marks of a believing monk. Then Subhuti asked what these marks were. The the Bddha said: "The marks of a believing monk are: (1 - 11) he is virtuous observing the Pātimokkha; he is learned; he has good friends and companions; he is easy to correct; he is skilful and diligent; he loves the Dhamma; he does the wholesome; he abandons the unwholesome; he recalls past abodes; he has the divine eye; he has destroyed the intoxicants." Then Subuti told the Buddha that Saddha had done all these things. Then the Buddha said that he is a fit companion for Subhti.

[15] 5. Loving kindness. (Mettāsutta) "Monks, when the liberation of mind is achieved through loving kindness the following benefits accrues to the person. He: (1 - 11) sleeps well; awakens well; does not have bad dreams; is pleasing to humans; is pleasing to spirits; is protected by deities; is not harmed by fire, poison, and weapons; achieves concentration of mind fast; has a serene facial complexion; dies unconfused; fares on to the brahma world or better."

[16] 6. Atthaka. (Aṭṭhakanāgarasutta) Once at Atthaka town near Vesāli the householder Dasaka of Pātaluputta who had come to Atthaka on some business to where Venerable Ananda was staying. He asked Ananda: "Has the Buddha preached a single thing (or condition) that a monk following which a bhikkhu can realize full liberation of mind?" Ananda then gave eleven conditions saying before each condition: "This is the one condition that allows the bhikkhu to achieve his final goal ?". Ananda said "Yes" but gave several conditions. Before each condition he said: "This is the one condition", and after giving that condition he said: "There is a further condition for the bhikkhu to achieve to realize his final goal", and proceded to give the next condition. These conditions were to realize: (1 - 11) the first jhāna; the second jhāna; the third jhāna; the fourth jhṇna; the meditation on loving-kindness; the meditation on compassion; the meditation on altruistic joy; the meditation on equanimity; the base of infinity of space; the base of infinity of consciousness; and finally the base of nothingness. It is only then that liberation of mind can be obtained.

[17] 7. The cowherd. (Gopālasutta) "Monks, a cowherd cannot keep his flock if he (1 - 11) does not know the form; is unskilled; fails to pick out flies' eggs; fails to dress wounds; fails to fumigate; does not know the watering place; (7) does not know what it is to have drunk; does not know the road; is unskilled in pastures; milks dry; does not venerate the bulls. Similarly a bhikkkhu does not grow and develop if he (1 - 11) does not know that all form is derived from the four great elements; does not understand that a person is characterised by his actions; tolerates acts of lust, harming and so on; does not grasp the objects that are sensed; does not teach the Dhamma to others; does not know when to approach learned monks; does not get inspiration from the Tathāgata's teaching; does not understand the noble eightfold path; does not understand mindfulness; accepts gifts from laypersons without moderation; acts wrongfully towards elders in the Sangha."

[18] 8. Concentration 1. (Paṭhamasamādhisutta) Once a number of monks came to the Buddha and said that a bhikkhu who has won concentration may feel that in earth he is unaware of earth, as also of water, fire, air, infinity of space, infinity of consciousness, nothingness, neither perception nor non-perception; this world, the other world. The Buddha agreed with this and said: "Such a bhikkhu knows these: what is real and best, the calming activity, the rejection of substrates, the ending of craving, and nibbāna."

[19] 9. Concentration 2. (Dutiyasamādhisutta) This is the same as the previous sutta except that the monks directly addresses the bhikkhu rather that answering a statement made by some bhikkhus.

[20] 10. Concentration 3. (Tatiyasamādhisutta) Here the same question as in the the two previous suttas is asked of venerable Sāriputta, who gives the same answer.

[21] 11. Concentration 4. (Catthuttasamādhisutta) Same as the previous sutta.

3. Sāmaññavagga – 3. Recapitulatioj

This final chapter of the Book of Elevens consists of a recapulation of what has been said in previous suttas. They are not abstracted in this compilation.