Saṃyutta Nikāya– Book of Kindred Sayings
5. Mahāvagga – 5. The great Chapter

45. Maggasaṃyutta – 45. Sayings on the Path

1. Avijjavagga – 1. Chapter on ignorance

[1] 1. Ignorance. (Avijjāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "When ignorance leads the way unskilful states follow and with it shamelessness and recklessness. There is ignorance and the Eight fold way is wrongly apprehended. But if knowledge leads the way there is right view and the Ariyan eightfold path is rightly cultivated.

[2] 2. By the half. (Upaḍḍhasutta) At Sakkara. Venerable Ananda came to the Buddha and said that half thge holy life is associating withe the sincere. The Buddha said: "Say not so it is the whole of the holy life not half. A monk diong so will cultivate the Aryan eightfold path throughly based on detachment and self-surrender."

[3] 3. Sāruputta. (Sāriputtasutta) Here the venerable Sāriputta came to the Buddha and same conversation with Ananda in the previous sutta is repleted".

[4] 4. Jāṇussṇi. (Jāṇussṇisutta) Venerable Ananda while on his alms round saw the brahmin Jāṇussṇi riding in his magnificiant chariot. The people cried out "That is the best of cars". After his meal Ananda related what he had seen to the Buddha. The Buddha said: "One can say that also of the dhamma chariot. If the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated throughly then Faith and Wisdom are the horses, Conscience the pole, Mind the yoke, Heedfulness the charioteer, Righteousness the furnishing, Rapture the axle, Energy the wheels, Calm the yokefellow, Desirelessnessi the drapery, Goodwill and Harmlessness the weapons. Detachment of the mind and Endurance are the coat of mail. This car rolls on to attain Peace. It is built by one's own self and is unconquerable. Seated in it the wise leave the world in victory".

[5] 5. To what purpose? (Kimatthiyasutta) Several monks asked the Buddha: "When some wanderers asked us for what purpose the holy life is lived we replied that it for the full understanding of suffering. Is this correct?". The Buddha replied: "You have said correctly and if you are further asked how you can do this you should say that it is through the Ariyan eightfold path, right view and the rest."

[6] 6. A certain monk 1. (Paṭhamaaññatarabhikkhusutta) A certain monk asked the Buddha: "What is the holy life and what is its end?". The Buddha replied: "It is the Ariyan eightfold path and its end is the destruction of lust, hatred and illusion".

[7] 7. A certain monk 2. (Dutiyaaññatarabhikkhusutta) A certain monks asked the Buddha: "What does the restraint of lust, hatred and illusion imply and what is the deathless?". The Buddha replied: "It implies Nibbāna and the destruction of the āsavas. That is also called the deathless".

[8.] 8. Analysis. (Vibaṅgasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will explain the components of the eightfold path. Right view is the knowledge of suffering, right intention is to be free of malice and harming, right speech is avoiding lies, calumny, harsh and idle speech, right action is not killing, stealing and unchastity, right living is avoiding wrong methods of livelihood, right effort is the effort to free one's mind from unprofitable states, right mindfulness is right ontemplation of body, feeling, mind. and mind states, and right concentration is entering into the four jhānas (trances).

[9] 9. Thorn (Sūkasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "If a thorn is rightly directed at the hand or foot it will draw blood. Similarly if a monk's practice is well aimed at ignorance he could realize Nibbāna. To do so he should thoroughly cultivate the Ariyan eightfold path.

[10] 10. Nandiya. (Nandiyasutta) The wanderer Nandiya asked the Buddha what conditions lead to Nibbāna. The Buddha said: "The conditions which when cultivated thoroughly lead to Nibbāna are the eight conditions of the Ariyan path, right view to right concentration.

Vihāravagga – Chapter on Dwelling

[11] 1. Dwelling 1. (Paṭhamavihārasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said that he wished to stay in seclusion for half a month during which time only the monk who brings his food should see him. He did so and after his return he addressed the monks thus: "During my seclusion I came to know the results of doing the eightfold path wronglyas well as the results of doing it rightly. In doing it wrongly desire arises and directed thought and perception are suppressed. When done rightly desire is suppressed and directed thought and perception are not suppressed.

[12] 2. Dwelling 2. (Dutiyavihārasutta) This is the same as the previous sutta except that the Buddha goes into seclusion for a whole month.

[13] 3. Lerner. (Sekhasutta) A certain monk came to the Buddha and asked how far a monk is learner. The Buddha said that a monk is a learner when he has an imperfect understanding of the eightfold path.

[14] 4. Uprising 1. (Paṭhamauppādasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "The eight conditions of the eightfold path which are not known become known only on the arising of the Tathāgata, a fully enlightened arahant. Then only can these conditions, right view to right concentration, be cultivated thoroughly."

[15] 5. Uprising 2. (Dutiyauppādasuttaé) The same as the previous sutta except that 'the Tathāgata' is replaced by 'the discipline of the auspicious one' (sugatavinayua).

[16] 6. Perfectly pure 1.(Paṭmaparisuddhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "The utterly pure conditions of the eightfold path, right view to right concentration, can only become known on the appearance of a Tathāgata.

[17] 7. Perfectly pure 2. (Dutiyaparesuddhasutta) Same as the previous sutta except that 'a Tathāgata' is replaced by 'the rule of the happy one'.

[18] 8. At Pāṭaliputta 1. (Paṭhamakukkuṭārāmasutta) When venerables Ananda and Bhadda were staying at the fowl's resort in Pâāṭaliputta Bhadda asked Ananda: "What is the unrighteous life?" Ananda replied that it is the wrong eightfold path (i.e. wrong view to wrong concentration).

[19] 9. At Pāṭaliputta 2. Dutiyakukkuṭārāmasutta) The same as the previous sutta except that Bhadda's question is "What is the righteous life ?" and Ananda's answer is that it is the right Ariyan eightfold path.

[20] 10. At Pāṭaliputta 3. (Tatiyakukkuṭārāmasutta) Same as the previous sutta.

3. Micchattavagga – Chapter on Perversion

[21] 1. Perversion. (Micchattasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will teach you perversion and Perfection. Perversion is the practice of the wrong eightfold path (wrong view to wrong concentration). Perfection is the practice of the right eightfold path (right view to right concentration)."

[22] 2. Unskilful states, (Akusaladhammasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Unskilful states are the practice of the wrong eightfold path. Skilful states are the right eightfold path."

[23] 3. Precepts 1. (Paṭhamapaṭipaāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Right precepts are the practice of the right eightfold path. Wrong precepts are the practice of the wrong eightfold path."

[24] 4. Precepts 2. (Dutiyapaṭipaāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "He who practices the wrong eightfold path is no winner of the Dhamma or the good. But he who practices the right eightfold path is a winner of the Dhamma and the good."

[25] 5. The unworthy 1.(Paṭhmaasappurisasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "An unworthy man practices the wrong eightfold path. The worthy man practices the right eightfold path."

[26] 6.The unworthy 2. (Dutiyaasappurisasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "An unworthy man practices the wrong eightfold path. The worthy man practices the right eightfold path. A still more worthy man has in addition right knowledge and right liberation."

[27] 7. The post. (Kumbhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A pot without support is easily upset, but not one with support. Similarly the mind without support is easily upset, but not one with support. This support is the eightfold Ariyan path".

[28] 8. Concentration. (Samādhisutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will teach the Ariyan concentration which is associated and equipped. It is associated with the right eightfold path, and it is equipped with one pointedness of mind"

[29] 9. Feeling. (Vedanāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three kinds of feeling, pleasant, unpleasant and neither. The Ariyan eightfold path should be cultivated with comprehension of these three.

[30] 10. Uttiya. (Uttiyasutta) Venerable Uttiya approached the Buddha and said: "The Buddha has spoken of five sensual elements. What are they?" The Buddha said: "They are the objects cognized by the eye, ear, tongue, nose , body and mind. They are pleasant, delightful, passionate and leading to lust. To abandon them one must cultivate the Ariyan eightfold way".

4. Paṭipattivagga – Chapter on Conduct

[31] 1. Conduct 1. (Paṭhamapaṭipattisutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will teach wrong conduct. Wrong conduct is doing the eightfold path wrongly (wrong view to wrong concentration). Right conduit is doing it rightly.

[32] 2. Conduct 2.(Duitiyapaṭipattisutta) Same as the previous sutta.

[33] 3. Neglect. (Viraddhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Whosoever neglects cultivating the eightfold path faces utter suffering. Whoever cultivates it destroys suffering utterly.

[34] 4. Crossing across. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Whosoever cultivates the eightfold path has no further shore to reach. Few are those who can cross over to the further shore.

[35] 5. Recluseship 1. (Paṭhamasāmaññasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "The life of the recluse is simply cultivating the Eightfold path. Its fruits are stream winning to arahantship."

[36] 6. Recluseship 2. (Dutiyasāmaññasutta) The life of the recluse is simply cultivating the Eightfold path. Its aim is destruction of lust, hatred and illusion.

[37] 7. The Brahmin 1.(Brahmaññasutta) Same as sutta [35] with 'the recluse' replaced by 'the Baahmin'.

11 [38] 8. The Brahmin 2. (Dutiyabrahmaññasutta) Same as sutta [36] with 'the recluse' replaced by 'the Baahmin'.

11 [39] 9. The holy life 1. (Paṭhamabrahmacariyasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will teach you the holy life and the fruits thereof. The holy life is the cultivation of the eightfold path. Its fruits are from stream winning to arahantship.

[40] 10. The holy life 2. (Dutiyabrahmacariyasutt) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I will teach you the holy life and the aim thereof. The holy life is the cultivation of the eightfold path. Its aim is the destruction of lust, hatred and illusion.
 

5. Aññatitthiyapeyyālavagga – Chapter on other recluses

[41] 1. Dispassion. (Rāgavirāgasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha told a group of monks: "If wanderers of other sects ask why the holy life is lived you should say for dispassion. If asked how you should say by cultivating the eightfold path (right view to right concentration).

[42-47] 2-7. (Saṃyojanappahānādisuttacakka) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "If wanderers of other sects ask why the holy life is lived you should give the following 6 reasons: (i) Destroying fetters (saṃyojanappahāna), (ii) Uprooting certain tendencies (anusayasamugghātana), (iii) finding the way out (addhānapariñña), (iv) Destruction of the āsavas (āsvākhayattha), (v) Release by knowledge (vijjāvimuttiphalasacchikiriya), (vi) knowing (āṇadassana)."

[48] 8. Release without grasping. (Anupādāparinibbānasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "If wanderers of other sects ask why the holy life is lived by you under Gotama you should say that it is for final emancipation without grasping. The way to do it is the Ariyan eightfold path (right view to right concentation)."

6. Sūriyapeyyālavagga – The sun repetition Chapter

FIRST SECTION

[49] 1. Sincere friendship. (Kalyāṇamittasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so sincere friendship (with another monk) is the forerunner of the cultivation of the Ariyan eightfold path."

[50-54] 2-6. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so are (i) virtue, (ii) desire, (iii) self-confidence, (iv) insight, and (v) diligence the forerunners of the cultivation of the Ariyan eightfolf path."

[55] 7. Full attention. (Yonisomanasikārsampādāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so the possession of through attention is the forerunner of the Ariyan eightfold path."

SECOND SECTION

[56] 1. Noble friendship (Kalyāṇamittasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so is noble frienship the forerunner of the Ariyan eightfold path."

[57-61] 2-6. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so is virtue, desire, self confidence, insight and diligence the forerunners of the Ariyan eightfold path."

[62] 7. Full attention. (Yonisomanasikārasampadāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the dawn is the forerunner of the rising of the sun so is full attention the forerunner of the Ariyan eightfold path."

7. Ekadhammapeyyālavagga – One Dhamma Repetition

[63] 1. Noble friendship. (Kalyāṇamittasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "One condition veru useful for the arising of the Ariyan eightfold path is noble friendship with a monk."

[64-68] 2-6. (Sīlasampadādisuttapañcaka) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "I consider these five conditions most useful fro the arising of the Ariyan eightfold path: virthue, desire, self confidence, insight and diligence."

[69] 7. Full attention. (Yonisomanasikārasampadāsuttaa) This is the same as sutta [62] but without the comparison of the rising sun.

[70 - 76] These suttas are a repetition of suttas [63 - 69] (the One Dhamma Repetition).

[71 - 77] These suttas are the second repetition of suttas [63 - 69] (the One Dhamma Repetition).

[78 - 84] These suttas are the third repetition of suttas [63 - 69] (the One Dhamma Repetition).

[85 - 90] These suttas are the fourth repetition of suttas [63 - 69] (the One Dhamma Repetition).


Gaṅgāpeyyāavagga – The Ganges repetition.

[91] 1. Towards the East 1. (Pṭhamapācīnaninnasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the river Ganges flows to the east so will a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path thoroughly flow towards Nibbāna. He cultivates right view to right concentration which is based on seclusion (viveka), dispassion (virāga), cessation (nirodha) and surrender (vossaggapariṇāma). "

[92-95] 2. Four rivers. (Dutiyādipācīnaninnasuttacatuka) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the rivers Yamunā, Aciravatī, Saraū and Mahī flow to the east so will a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path thoroughly flow towards Nibbāna.

[96] 6. Five rivers, (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the rivers Ganges, Yamunā, Aciravatī, Saraū and Mahī flow to the east so will a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path thoroughly flow towards Nibbāna.

Next follows seven repetitions of the Ganges repetition (with slight changes)

[97-102] First repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[103-108] Second repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[109-114] Third repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[115-120] Fourth repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[121-126] Fifth repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[127-132] Sixth repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

[133-138] Seventh repetition of the Ganges repetition: suttas [91-96]

5. Appamādapeyyālavagga – Chapter on Diligence

[139] 1. The Tathāgata. (Tathāgatasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Of all beings of what species they be the Tathāgata is the foremost and chief. Even so all skilful actions based on diligence. Therefore the earnest monk must cultivate the Ariyan eightfold path with diligence."

[140] 2. Footprint. (padasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the elephant's footprint is the largest footprint of all animals all skilful (kusalā) acts diligence is considered the best. Similarly it is with deligence that the Ariyan eightfold path sould be cultivated. "

[141] 3. Roof peak. (Kūṭasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as all timbers in the roof are joined at the peak even so the cultivation of the Ariyan eightfold path should be based on diligence."

[142] 4. Scented wood. (Kālanusāriya) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as of all aromtic woods the dark sandalwood is considered the best so of all skilful acts are based on diligence.

[143] 5. Heart wood. (Lohtacandanasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as of all aromtic woods the dark sandalwood is considered the best so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best. "

[144] 6. Jasmine. (Vassikasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as of all flowers the Jasmine is considered the best so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best. "

[145] 7. Prince. (Cakkavattisutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as the universal monarach is considered the best of all princes so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best."

[146] 8. Moon. (Candimasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as of all stars the moon is considered the most brilliant so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best."

[147] 9. Sun. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as in a cloudless sky the sun drives away all darkness so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best."

[148] 10. Cloth. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as of all woven cloth the cloth of Benares is considered the best so of all skilful acts diligence is considered the best."

6. Balakaraṇīyavagga – Chapter on deeds needing strength

[149] 1. Strength. (Balasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A deed that requires strength needs earth as support. Similarly a monk needs virtue as support to cultivate the Ariyan eightfold path,"

[150] 2. Seed. (Bījasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Seeds and plants come to growth need earth as support. Similarly a monk needs virtue as support to cultivate the Ariyan eightfold path."

[151] 3. Snake. (Nāgasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A snake supported by the Himalaya grows in body then it migrates to rivers, lakes and ultimately to the ocean where it reaches full growth. Similarly a monk supported by virtue cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path and attains growth and maturity."

[152] 4. The tree. (Rukkhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "If a tree which inclines to the east is cut at the root it will fall towards the east. Similarly a monk who cultivates the eightfold path thoroughly inclines towards Nibbāna."

[153] 5. The pot. (Kumbhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A pot which is emptied of water cannot take that water back. Similarly a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path thoroughly casts out what is wrongful and will not take it back again. "

[154] 6. The thorn. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A thorn that is well aimed at hand or foot will draw blood. Similarly the right view of the eightfold path will pierce ignorance. The monk will then cultivate the full eightfold path and realize NIbbāna. "

[155] 7. The sky. (Ākāsasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "In the sky all kinds of wind, dusty, hot or cold blow in all directions. Similarly in a monk who cultivates the eightfold path thoroughly he secures the four stations of mindfulness, the four best efforts, the four bases of psychic power, the five faculties, the five powers, and the seven limbs of wisdom and finally reaches fulfilment. "

[156] 8. The rain cloud 1. (Paṭhamameghasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "Just as a rain cloud will dispel a great mass of clouds so a monk cultivating the Ariyan eightfold path thoroughly causes to vanish unskilful states, never to rise again."

[157] 9. The rain cloud 2. (Dutiyameghasutta) Same as the previous sutta.

[158] 10. The ship. (Nāvāsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "If a well-equipped ship is stranded on a sand bank for six months subject to inclement weather it will gradually rot away. Similarly a monk who cultivates the Ariyan eightfold path fully will weaken and destroy all fetters."

[159] 11. For all guests. (Āgantukasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "A guest house which is open to all will soon attract people of all classes and from all directions. Similarly a monk who cultivates the Aryan eightfold path thoroughly realizes those states which are understood by full comprehension and abandons those states that are to be abandoned by full comprehension.

[160] 12. The river. (Nadīsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "The Ganges flows to the east but if a crowd of people with picks and shovels try to make it flow to the west they will not succeed. Similarly the king's ministers or his own friends and relatives will not be able to induce a monk cultivating the eightfold path to abandon that path and leave the monkhood and return to the household life."

7. Esanāvagga – Chapter on Longing

[161] 1. Longings (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three longings ? the longing for sensual delights,  for becoming and for the holy life. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated. This flows to Nibbāna. "

[162] 2. Conceits. (Vidhāsutta) The Buddha said: "There are three conceits – 'better than I', 'same as I', and 'inferior than I'. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[163] 3. Āsava (taints). (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three taints – The taint for sensual pleasure, for becoming, for ignorance. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[164] 4. Becomings. (Bhavasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three becomings – The becoming in the sensual pleasure, in the world of form, in the formless world. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[165] 5. Suffering. (Dukkhasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three kinds of suffering – The suffering caused by pain, by activities, and by the changeable nature of things. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[166] 6. Obstructions. (Khilasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three obstructions – The obstruction of lust, of hatred, of illusion. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[167] 7. Stain. (Mala sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three stains – The stain of lust, of hatred, of illusion. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[168] 8. Pains. (Nīghasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three pains – The pain of lust, of hatred, of illusion. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[169] 9. Feelings. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three Feelings – The feeling that is pleasant, that is unpleasant, that is neither of these. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[170] 10. Craving. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three cravings – The craving for sensual delight. for becoming, for ceasing to become. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

[171] 11. Thirst. (Tasināsutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are three thirsts – The thirst for full comprehension, for realization, for abandoning. It is for the full comprehension of these that the Ariyan eightfold path is cultivated."

8. Oghavagga – Chapter on the Flood

[172] 1. Flood. (Oghasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are four floods. The flood of sensual desire, of becoming, of view, of nescence. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[173] 2. Bond. (Yogasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are four bonds. The bond of sensual desire, of becoming, of view, of nescence. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[174] 3. Grasping. (Upādānasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are four graspings. The grasping of sensual desire, of becoming, of view, of rite and self-heresy. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[175] 4. Ties. (Ganthasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are four body ties. The body tie flood of covetousness, of malevolence, of rite and ritual, of dogmatic view. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[176] 5. Tendency. (Anusayasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are seven tendencies. The tendency to sensual lust, to resentment, to view, to doubt and wavering, to conceit, to nescence. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[177] 6. Sense pleasures. (Kāmagunasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are five sense pleasures. They are objects congnizable by the eye, ear, nose, tongue, and body. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[178] 7. Hindrances.(Nīvraṇasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are five hindrances. The hindrance of sensual desire, of malevolence, of sloth and torpor, of excitement, of doubt. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated."

[179] 8. Factors. (Upādānakkhandasutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are five factors of grasping. The factor of grasping of body, of feeling, of perception, of activities and of consciousness. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated. "

[180] 9. Lower fetters. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are five lower fetters. The fetter of individual and group view, of doubt and wavering, of rite and ritual, of desire and lust, and of malevolence. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated."

[181] 10. Upper fetters. (sutta) At Sāvatthi, Jetavana. The Buddha said: "There are five upper fetters. The fetter of lust of form, of lust of the formless, of conceit, of excitement, of nescence. It is for the full comprehension, realization, and their abandoning that the Ariyan eightfold path must be cultivated."